Dear sisters, In the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhe wasallam) said, "Whoever pursues a path to seek knowledge therein, Allah will thereby make easy for him a path to paradise." (Muslim) Learning a new language can be tough, and takes a lot of time and effort. However, learning a language can be made dramatically simplified by following a few basic steps.
Learning the pronunciation of the language first. Practicing the most difficult sounds with repetitive drills daily until you are confident. Practice the most common words and short phrases. Check your pronunciation with an educated speaker.
Practicing the native intonation, stress, and rhythm of common, short social sentences and social questions. Try to imitate educated native speakers. Begin by listening carefully to a repeated phrase 5 to 10 times. Use audio and video to help you. Then, try saying the phrase correctly in chorus with the recording. Repeat each of the phrases 50 times or more if needed. If possible, ask educated native speakers to correct you and record correct phrases of pronunciation. Many language students get into bad pronunciation habits that are very difficult to break. Bad pronunciation will cause confusion and misunderstanding. Be patient and diligent with this early pronunciation drill as you will be rewarded with a near-native accent.
Learning the grammar. This is probably the most important part of the language besides the vocabulary. "Paul want Mary go store" may communicate an idea, but it is not at all correct English, and sounds very unintelligent. If you do not pay attention to grammar, you can sound equally incomprehensible in another language. Practicing verb conjugation is essential.Ensure you know how to express questions, affirmative and negative statements in the past, present and future using the 20 most common regular and irregular verbs.
Learning the orthography. The orthography is the written language. Countless other languages without the use of the Latin script, by teaching the writing in order to become literate. The Arabic alphabet script do not resemble the Latin alphabet at all, and will require a lot of adjusting to. Leaving out a diacritic can amount to misspelling a word and in some cases, it may even change the meaning; also, pronouncing a word incorrectly will almost certainly confuse with whomever you are talking.
Learning the cultural aspect of the language. This is very important if you do not want to come across as rude to the other person. For example, in parts of Europe, it is customary to kiss the other persons cheek when greeting, while in America, this would be considered awkward. Often the cultural context will inform you of why certain language elements are used and will assist your learning process.